An autonomous robot gathers information about its surroundings, processes the information gathered through its sensors, makes judgments and sends commands to move a body.
An autonomous robot is able to carry out a “routine” or “pre-determined task” but also make judgments and actions, without external assistance or guidance, based on its environment and surroundings.
In order for a robot to gather information about its surroundings, it must have sensory equipment; a means to replicate the 5 senses (sense of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch) of a human. Various high-tech sensors, such as vision sensors, sound sensors, touch sensors, etc., have been developed and are being used more and more in our daily lives.
Many Sensors have been developed exclusively for robots. Some sensors do not see images but are able to detect the presence or absence of light. KIROBO has light sensors that can sense the presence of light emitting objects and detect contrast (black lines).
Touch sensors can be some of the most simple and are probably the most familiar sensors for us. They are also mounted on KIROBO and can be used to detect obstacles or serve for conditional judgment decisions when pressed.